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MPI_Alltoall - All processes send data to all processes
int MPI_Alltoall(void *sendbuf, int sendcount,
MPI_Datatype sendtype, void *recvbuf, int recvcount,
MPI_Datatype recvtype, MPI_Comm comm)
MPI_ALLTOALL(SENDBUF, SENDCOUNT, SENDTYPE, RECVBUF, RECVCOUNT,
RECVTYPE, COMM, IERROR)
<type> SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*)
INTEGER SENDCOUNT, SENDTYPE, RECVCOUNT, RECVTYPE
INTEGER COMM, IERROR
void MPI::Comm::Alltoall(const void* sendbuf, int sendcount,
const MPI::Datatype& sendtype, void* recvbuf,
int recvcount, const MPI::Datatype& recvtype)
sendbuf Starting address of send buffer (choice).
sendcount Number of elements to send to each process (integer).
sendtype Datatype of send buffer elements (handle).
recvcount Number of elements to receive from each process (integer).
recvtype Datatype of receive buffer elements (handle).
comm Communicator over which data is to be exchanged (handle).
recvbuf Starting address of receive buffer (choice).
IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer).
MPI_Alltoall is a collective operation in which all processes send the
same amount of data to each other, and receive the same amount of data
from each other. The operation of this routine can be represented as
follows, where each process performs 2n (n being the number of pro-
cesses in communicator comm) independent point-to-point communications
(including communication with itself).
ing sendcount elements of type sendtype - and divides its recvbuf simi-
larly according to recvcount and recvtype. Process j sends the k-th
block of its local sendbuf to process k, which places the data in the
j-th block of its local recvbuf. The amount of data sent must be equal
to the amount of data received, pairwise, between every pair of pro-
WHEN COMMUNICATOR IS AN INTER-COMMUNICATOR
When the communicator is an inter-communicator, the gather operation
occurs in two phases. The data is gathered from all the members of the
first group and received by all the members of the second group. Then
the data is gathered from all the members of the second group and
received by all the members of the first. The operation exhibits a
symmetric, full-duplex behavior.
The first group defines the root process. The root process uses
MPI_ROOT as the value of root. All other processes in the first group
use MPI_PROC_NULL as the value of root. All processes in the second
group use the rank of the root process in the first group as the value
When the communicator is an intra-communicator, these groups are the
same, and the operation occurs in a single phase.
The MPI_IN_PLACE option is not available for this function.
All arguments on all processes are significant. The comm argument, in
particular, must describe the same communicator on all processes.
There are two MPI library functions that are more general than MPI_All-
toall. MPI_Alltoallv allows all-to-all communication to and from
buffers that need not be contiguous; different processes may send and
receive different amounts of data. MPI_Alltoallw expands MPI_All-
toallv's functionality to allow the exchange of data with different
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value
of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ func-
tions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to
MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism
will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is
called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for
I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with
MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN
may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does
not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
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