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MPI_Allgatherv - Gathers data from all processes and delivers it to
all. Each process may contribute a different amount of data.
int MPI_Allgatherv(void *sendbuf, int sendcount,
MPI_Datatype sendtype, void *recvbuf, int *recvcount,
int *displs, MPI_Datatype recvtype, MPI_Comm comm)
MPI_ALLGATHERV(SENDBUF, SENDCOUNT, SENDTYPE, RECVBUF,
RECVCOUNT, DISPLS, RECVTYPE, COMM, IERROR)
<type> SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*)
INTEGER SENDCOUNT, SENDTYPE, RECVCOUNT(*),
INTEGER DISPLS(*), RECVTYPE, COMM, IERROR
void MPI::Comm::Allgatherv(const void* sendbuf, int sendcount,
const MPI::Datatype& sendtype, void* recvbuf,
const int recvcounts, const int displs,
const MPI::Datatype& recvtype) const = 0
sendbuf Starting address of send buffer (choice).
sendcount Number of elements in send buffer (integer).
sendtype Datatype of send buffer elements (handle).
recvcount Integer array (of length group size) containing the number of
elements that are received from each process.
displs Integer array (of length group size). Entry i specifies the
displacement (relative to recvbuf) at which to place the
incoming data from process i.
recvtype Datatype of receive buffer elements (handle).
comm Communicator (handle).
recvbuf Address of receive buffer (choice).
IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer).
MPI_Allgatherv is similar to MPI_Allgather in that all processes gather
data from all other processes, except that each process can send a dif-
The outcome is as if all processes executed calls to
for root = 0 , ..., n-1. The rules for correct usage of MPI_Allgatherv
are easily found from the corresponding rules for MPI_Gatherv.
USE OF IN-PLACE OPTION
When the communicator is an intracommunicator, you can perform an all-
gather operation in-place (the output buffer is used as the input
buffer). Use the variable MPI_IN_PLACE as the value of both sendbuf
and recvbuf. In this case, sendcount and sendtype are ignored. The
input data of each process is assumed to be in the area where that
process would receive its own contribution to the receive buffer.
Specifically, the outcome of a call to MPI_Allgather that used the in-
place option is identical to the case in which all processes executed n
MPI_GATHERV ( MPI_IN_PLACE, 0, MPI_DATATYPE_NULL, recvbuf,
recvcounts, displs, recvtype, root, comm )
for root =0, ... , n-1.
Note that MPI_IN_PLACE is a special kind of value; it has the same
restrictions on its use as MPI_BOTTOM.
Because the in-place option converts the receive buffer into a send-
and-receive buffer, a Fortran binding that includes INTENT must mark
these as INOUT, not OUT.
WHEN COMMUNICATOR IS AN INTER-COMMUNICATOR
When the communicator is an inter-communicator, the gather operation
occurs in two phases. The data is gathered from all the members of the
first group, concatenated, and received by all the members of the sec-
ond group. Then the data is gathered from all the members of the sec-
ond group, concatenated, and received by all the members of the first.
The send buffer arguments in the one group must be consistent with the
receive buffer arguments in the other group, and vice versa. The oper-
ation must exhibit symmetric, full-duplex behavior.
The first group defines the root process. The root process uses
MPI_ROOT as the value of root. All other processes in the first group
use MPI_PROC_NULL as the value of root. All processes in the second
group use the rank of the root process in the first group as the value
When the communicator is an intra-communicator, these groups are the
same, and the operation occurs in a single phase.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value
of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ func-
tions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to
MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism
1.3.4 Nov 11, 2009 MPI_Allgatherv(3)
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