public class SPPSVX
- extends java.lang.Object
SPPSVX is a simplified interface to the JLAPACK routine sppsvx.
This interface converts Java-style 2D row-major arrays into
the 1D column-major linearized arrays expected by the lower
level JLAPACK routines. Using this interface also allows you
to omit offset and leading dimension arguments. However, because
of these conversions, these routines will be slower than the low
level ones. Following is the description from the original Fortran
source. Contact email@example.com with any questions.
* SPPSVX uses the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T to
* compute the solution to a real system of linear equations
* A * X = B,
* where A is an N-by-N symmetric positive definite matrix stored in
* packed format and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.
* Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
* The following steps are performed:
* 1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate
* the system:
* diag(S) * A * diag(S) * inv(diag(S)) * X = diag(S) * B
* Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the
* scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is
* overwritten by diag(S)*A*diag(S) and B by diag(S)*B.
* 2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the Cholesky decomposition is used to
* factor the matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as
* A = U**T* U, if UPLO = 'U', or
* A = L * L**T, if UPLO = 'L',
* where U is an upper triangular matrix and L is a lower triangular
* 3. If the leading i-by-i principal minor is not positive definite,
* then the routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored
* form of A is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix
* A. If the reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine
* precision, INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine
* still goes on to solve for X and compute error bounds as
* described below.
* 4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
* of A.
* 5. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
* matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
* for it.
* 6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by
* diag(S) so that it solves the original system before
* FACT (input) CHARACTER*1
* Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is
* supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be
* equilibrated before it is factored.
* = 'F': On entry, AFP contains the factored form of A.
* If EQUED = 'Y', the matrix A has been equilibrated
* with scaling factors given by S. AP and AFP will not
* be modified.
* = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AFP and factored.
* = 'E': The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then
* copied to AFP and factored.
* UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
* = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored;
* = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.
* N (input) INTEGER
* The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
* matrix A. N >= 0.
* NRHS (input) INTEGER
* The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
* of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
* AP (input/output) REAL array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
* On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric matrix
* A, packed columnwise in a linear array, except if FACT = 'F'
* and EQUED = 'Y', then A must contain the equilibrated matrix
* diag(S)*A*diag(S). The j-th column of A is stored in the
* array AP as follows:
* if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j;
* if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n.
* See below for further details. A is not modified if
* FACT = 'F' or 'N', or if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'N' on exit.
* On exit, if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'Y', A is overwritten by
* AFP (input or output) REAL array, dimension
* If FACT = 'F', then AFP is an input argument and on entry
* contains the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
* factorization A = U'*U or A = L*L', in the same storage
* format as A. If EQUED .ne. 'N', then AFP is the factored
* form of the equilibrated matrix A.
* If FACT = 'N', then AFP is an output argument and on exit
* returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
* factorization A = U'*U or A = L*L' of the original matrix A.
* If FACT = 'E', then AFP is an output argument and on exit
* returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
* factorization A = U'*U or A = L*L' of the equilibrated
* matrix A (see the description of AP for the form of the
* equilibrated matrix).
* EQUED (input or output) CHARACTER*1
* Specifies the form of equilibration that was done.
* = 'N': No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N').
* = 'Y': Equilibration was done, i.e., A has been replaced by
* diag(S) * A * diag(S).
* EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an
* output argument.
* S (input or output) REAL array, dimension (N)
* The scale factors for A; not accessed if EQUED = 'N'. S is
* an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, S is an output
* argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'Y', each element of S
* must be positive.
* B (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
* On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.
* On exit, if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; if EQUED = 'Y',
* B is overwritten by diag(S) * B.
* LDB (input) INTEGER
* The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
* X (output) REAL array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
* If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X to
* the original system of equations. Note that if EQUED = 'Y',
* A and B are modified on exit, and the solution to the
* equilibrated system is inv(diag(S))*X.
* LDX (input) INTEGER
* The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
* RCOND (output) REAL
* The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix
* A after equilibration (if done). If RCOND is less than the
* machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix
* is singular to working precision. This condition is
* indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.
* FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
* The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
* X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
* If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
* is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
* element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
* largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as
* the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
* overestimate of the true error.
* BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
* The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
* vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
* any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
* WORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (3*N)
* IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
* INFO (output) INTEGER
* = 0: successful exit
* < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
* > 0: if INFO = i, and i is
* <= N: the leading minor of order i of A is
* not positive definite, so the factorization
* could not be completed, and the solution has not
* been computed. RCOND = 0 is returned.
* = N+1: U is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine
* precision, meaning that the matrix is singular
* to working precision. Nevertheless, the
* solution and error bounds are computed because
* there are a number of situations where the
* computed solution can be more accurate than the
* value of RCOND would suggest.
* Further Details
* The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example
* when N = 4, UPLO = 'U':
* Two-dimensional storage of the symmetric matrix A:
* a11 a12 a13 a14
* a22 a23 a24
* a33 a34 (aij = conjg(aji))
* Packed storage of the upper triangle of A:
* AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ]
* .. Parameters ..
|Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
public static void SPPSVX(java.lang.String fact,